Church of Scientology
Founder: L. Ron Hubbard
In the 1940's Hubbard declared:
for a penny a word is ridiculous. If a man really wants to make a million
dollars, the best way would be to start his own religion"
It was started in the 1950s by a science
fiction writer named L. Ron Hubbard in fulfilment to his declared aim to start a
religion to make money. It is an offshoot to a method of psychotherapy he
concocted from various sources which he named "Dianetics". Dianetics is a form
of regression therapy. It was then further expanded to appear more like a
religion in order to enjoy tax benefits. He called it "Scientology".
The main symbol of Scientology
is composed of:
The letter "S" which represents Scientology.
An upper triangle whose sides represent three closely interrelated
factors: knowledge, responsibility and control.
A lower triangle which represents affinity, reality and communication.
The Founder of the Church of Scientology was Lafayette Ronald
Hubbard (1911-1986), born in Tilden, Nebraska on March 13, 1911. Hubbard
traveled extensively during his youth, covering some quarter of a million miles
by the time he was twenty years of age, including directing two expeditions to
the Caribbean. On one expedition, he made the first mineralogical survey of
During the 1930's, he became a famous author. Although he was known mostly
for his science fiction, he also worked in other genres including mystery,
western and adventure. He was also successful as a screen writer. His lifetime
output of published fiction was over 200 novels, novelettes and short stories.
In 1938, in an unpublished manuscript Excalibur, he delineated the
common denominator of existence as "survive" and outlined the theory that
"life is composed of two things: the material universe and an X-factor...that
can evidently organize and mobilize the material universe." This fundamental
concept was to be the basis of his later researches for both Dianetics
The Second World War intervened and his first published work on Dianetics
appeared in the Winter/Spring 1949-50 issue of the Explorers Club Journal
entitled "Terra Incognita: The Mind". At this time he offered his
findings on the mind to both the American Medical Association and the
American Psychiatric Association. Both organizations rejected them and later
attempted to discredit his work and reputation. In May 1950, "Dianetics: The
Modern Science of Mental Health" was published; it has since sold over 17
million copies worldwide. In the fall of 1951, Hubbard formed the religious
philosophy of Scientology, which is based on his discovery that man is
most fundamentally a spiritual being -- the X-factor. The first Church of
Scientology was formed in Los Angeles on February 18, 1954 by persons other
than Hubbard. The Founding Church of Scientology was founded in
Washington, DC in 1955-JUL.
The US Food and Drug Administration raided Scientology offices on
January 4, 1963 and seized hundreds of the Church's E-meters as illegal medical
devices. The devices are now required to carry a disclaimer saying that they are
a purely religious artifact. They are used in a Scientology counseling technique
known as "auditing".
All church of scientology documents are copyrighted and are not available for
just any individual. Fees totaling thousands of dollars must be
paid by church members to view the various levels of enlightenment, eight in
all. The church scriptures are considered trade secrets and the church has
shown in the past that they will vigorously pursue anyone who tries to expose or
publish their documents.
The Church of Scientology is a vicious and dangerous cult that masquerades
as a religion. Its purpose is to make money and it practices a variety of
mind-control techniques on people lured into its midst to gain control over
their money and their lives. Its aim is to take from them every penny that they
have and can ever borrow and to also enslave them to further its wicked ends.
Scientology is a confused concoction of dangerously applied psychotherapy,
inapplicable rules and ideas, and science-fiction drivel that is presented to
its members (at the "advanced" levels) as profound spiritual truth.
Scientologists follow Mr. Hubbard's belief that a person is neither
mind nor body, but a spiritual being - a soul. However, the word "soul" has
been given many meanings by many religions. In order to avoid confusion, Mr.
Hubbard selected the word "thetan" from the Greek letter "theta" which
has traditionally meant "thought" or "life". A Thetan is the essence of a
person, One does not have a Thetan, one is
a Thetan. The brain, and the rest of the body, is looked upon as a mechanism,
a communication center for the Thetan. The mind is perceived as a collection
Scientology recognizes "Eight Dynamics." A "dynamic" is an urge,
drive or impulse. Understanding these dynamics help a person gain insight and
harmonize all their life activities. The first four dynamics were initially
described by Mr. Hubbard in Dianetics; the remaining four were added
with the creation of Scientology:
The First Dynamic is the urge to survive as oneself.
The Second the urge to survive through family and sex.
The Third is to survive in various groups such as a company or with a
group of friends.
The Fourth is to survive as mankind.
The Fifth, Sixth, Seventh and Eighth are the urge to survive through
other life forms such as animals, the physical universe, the spiritual
universe and Infinity or God respectively.
The human mind is divided into two components: the analytical mind and
the reactive mind. The former resembles Freud's concept of the conscious mind;
it senses, remembers, reasons and recalls. The reactive mind is somewhat
similar to Freud's unconscious. It records physically and psychologically
disturbing events in this life and prior lives. These include perceived
assaults in the womb, the birth process, assaults, injuries etc. They are
recorded as engrams which are a form of psychic scar. These engrams are
considered "the single source of all man's insanities, psychosomatic
illnesses and neuroses.". They are not sensed by the analytical mind
directly. However, they will degrade a person's life and keep an individual
from reaching their full potential. By removing the engrams, one can progress
from being "preclear" (PC) to "clear;" i.e. totally free of engrams.
A person can progress beyond "clear" to becoming a "OT" or
"Operating Thetan." An OT is able to leave their body and mind. They can
see, hear and feel without access to their normal senses.
Great religious leaders like Buddha and Jesus Christ are regarded as
being slightly above "clear".
Scientologists reject the concept of eternal life in hell and heaven.
They believe in reincarnation in which a person passes through a number of
lifetimes. They believe that personal salvation in one lifetime is freedom
from the cycle of birth and death.
They believe that God exists, but do not have a specific belief about
the nature of that deity.
Their goal is to help sufficient numbers of people to become "clear" so
that a significant impact can be felt in areas of crime, mental illness,
warfare, drug addiction, physical illnesses etc.
Scientology "auditing" is a unique form of personal counseling
intended to help an individual look at his own existence and improve their
ability to confront what and where they are. It is a precise, thoroughly
codified activity with exact procedures. A Scientology counselor is known as
an "auditor". Auditing is assisted by use of a specially designed meter
(E-Meter or Electro-psychometer) which they believe helps locate areas of
spiritual distress or travail by measuring the mental state or change of state
of the person being audited. It does this by continuously measuring the
electrical resistance of the person's body. Variations of resistance are shown
on a ammeter which are then interpreted by the trained auditor. The E-Meter
was invented by Volny Mathieson who gave it to L.R. Hubbard. It is covered
under US Patent 3,290,589 "Device for Measuring and Indicating Changes in
the Resistance of a Human Body", issued on December 6, 1966.
An equal part of the practice of Scientology is training in Scientology
principles which includes the technology of the auditing process.
The whole purpose of auditing and training is to graduate individuals
to a higher state of spiritual existence or to cross "The Bridge to Total
Freedom." The goal is to revive the individual as a spiritual being and
free him from dependence on the material universe. The metaphor
of a bridge has long been used in religious tradition to denote the route
across the chasm from where we are now to a higher plateau of existence.
Auditors are members of the clergy. They are ordained and wear clerical
Not being an exclusive religion, members are welcomed to retain their
church affiliation when they become Scientologists.
Another Scientology symbol is an eight-pointed cross. The eight points
represent the eight Dynamics, described above. The cross also represents the
transition from materialism to spirituality and the crossing of that barrier.
The Church of Scientology has been accused of not allowing members to
leave the church, or of endlessly harassing them in an attempt to force them
back into the fold. The church's official position is that if a person leaves
and asks to be taken off the membership/mailing lists, they are not contacted.
Otherwise they might expect to get a phone call or letter of inquiry.
Digest reprint May 1980
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